About two years ago some amateur cavers stumbled upon a dark chamber in a small cave outside of Johannesburg full of bones. An expedition to further explore this was led by Professor Berger from University of Witwaterstand, believing that they were looking for more remains of our ancestors. However, further research into the nearly 1,500 pieces of bones found in this chamber concluded that the species were not human, but had biological links to us! They have been named Homo naledi. It is still unclear to how long ago these creatures were alive but it is believed that they had a brain similar to the size of a peach, were around 5 feet and had hands very similar to humans.
However some scientists remain skeptical about the new discovery and believe that there needs to be further evidence in order to classify them as a new species.