Population Youth / Creation of the European Union

Creation of the European Union

1948–  The majority of Europe is in favour of federalism after the Second World War. The EU federalists organise a congress to create an EU constitution at the Hague in 1948. Though Britain does not like the idea of a united European Union. However, this meeting results in the creation of a Council called the Council in Europe, a loose grouping that looked after human rights within the region.


1949– NATO is formed by the United States, Canada and ten Western European countries. At this time the United States mentions that they are in full support of  EU integration but no progress is really made.


1950-1951– Coal and steal production increases within Europe and both the community and economies begin to grow and strengthen. France and Germany begin to work together on production. Soon six other countries join them and a treaty is created along with higher authority to manage the industry.


1952– The ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) grows and becomes more effective in more parts of Europe


1954– The United States states that Germany must rearm as a result of the Korean war and in 1952 the ECSC decided to create a defence community with German soldiers joining this EU army. Though the French decline this offer


1957- 1959– The ECSC gain more power and set up the EEC which is the European Economic Community. The idea behind this is to create a ‘common market’ where the people would work together for joint development. This lead to the EEC becoming the dominating group out of all the European communities


1960-1967- The European Union becomes more powerful and Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom set up the EFTA which allowed free trade within the European Union. The U.K. applies to be a member of the EEC but French nationalist Charles de Gaulle rejects offer as he says the U.K. was bad for the integration within Europe

1968-1973- The European Union community is created and Britain, Denmark and Ireland join the EU. These countries had been trying to be a part of this community for ten years and some had to negotiate a lot more than others.

1976- The European Monetary System introduces the ECU, the European currency. All of the members of the European Union joined but the United Kingdom. At this time the currency isn’t fully developed and was used as a unit and for cheque deposits

1980- Greece joins the ECU as its 10th member



Jaques Delors becomes the president of European commission and he states that by 1992 the European Union should create one single market to allow free trade between the regions



The official European Union flag is created and both Portugal and Spain join the ECU. The Treaty of Rome is modified and a common market has begun. This allows members of states to create the official ‘European Union’.

1990-1993- Britain joins the Exchange Rate Mechanism within the European Union. In 1991 a monetary union was desired and both social and political reforms are made allowing common European citizenship, Europeans the right to vote in elections and seek asylum anywhere within the EU.  As the ERM progresses the UK is more determined on the rest of the EU using the pound currency but it devalued quickly and was leading to an unstable market. Later on the government pulled the puns out of the ERM. Though the Treaty of Rome goes into power and boarders are pulled down and many more countries join the European Union.


1999– The European Union undergoes a series of fraud and mismanagements which seem to undermine the authority. This results in twenty the commissioners resigning and in September Romano Prodi becomes the new president of the EU and the commission.


2002– The currency created in the later 1970’s finally comes into power and is used as a currency in eleven countries within Europe. The Euro begins to overpower all the national currencies and more coins and bills are created.


2003– After a while, the first constitution is drawn up and a convention is held by the former French President. The goal of the EU’s first constitution was to define set goals and simply treaties so it was easier for citizens to understand and work more efficiently during the changes. Though this never went through as the government could not come to an agreement on defined goals.


2004– Without a constitution, the changes and enlargement is made on May the first and elections are taken place shortly after. Finally, a constitution is created and all the new leaders come to an agreement on the goals and changes that will lie ahead.


2005- The constitution is not as successful as planned and voters in France and the Netherlands reject all government proposals . Since the constitution can not come into power till all countries accept the proposal, people considered the constitution a failure. Though the European Union continues based on old treaties.


2007– Both Romania and Bulgaria join the EU and many politicians believed that they were not ready to join. Though if the countries do not make progress harsh penalties will be imposed.

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